Ancient Athens 3D

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The Agora

After the invasion of Heruli the city was completely destroyed. All the buildings in the Agora were burned to ground except the Temple of Hephaestus which suffered minor damages. The city wall was destroyed and Athens became a very small city. For this reason a new, small wall was constructed in 280 A.D. north of the Acropolis, the postherulian wall.

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Aerial view of the Agora in around 500 A.D. In the middle is the huge building complex, possibly a gymnasium. Down right is the Temple of Hephaestus converted into a church of St. George. On the left are the remains of the Stoa of Attalos as a part of the Postherulian Wall.

In the Agora, the central and Southern space was occupied by a huge building complex, probably a gymnasium or a palace that was constructed in around 400 A.D. The Tholos was repaired and in the place of the Metroon was built a Basilica. In the eastern part, the east wall of the ruined Stoa of Attalos was incorporated to the new Wall. In the western part, the Temple of Hephaestus was converted in the middle of the the 5th c. A.D. into a church dedicated to St. George.

The entrance of the Gymnasium where the statues of giants and tritons stood, once a part of the late phase of the Agrippa's Odeion.

The complex from the Southeast. On the top is a square building, probably a house.

The monumental entrance of the gymnasium with the giant sculptures.

The temple of Hephaestus after its conversion into a christian church dedicated to St. George. The ancient roof was destroyed during the invasion of 267. A new one was constructed over the cella when the conversion took place.

The Temple of Hephaestus after the conversion into a church of St. George. The christian addition is obvious between the columns.

The western side of the Agora. From left to right: The Tholos after the repairs, a Basilica in the place of the metroon and the Temple of Hephaestus as a christian church.

View from the west. In the foreground is the building complex and in the background is the Postheroulian Wall with the gate.

The wall in the place where once stood the Stoa of Attalos. In the place of the gate once passed the road between the Stoa and the Library of Pantainos.

The ruins of the Stoa of Attalos as a part of the Postherulian Wall.

 Library of Hadrian.

After the invsion of 267, the Library of Hadrian suffered much damage but was repaired by the eparchus Herculius between the years 402 and 410. In the middle of the central court was erected a big church dedicated to St. Mary called Megali Panagia (Great Mary) that was perhaps the first christian church of Athens. This temple was destroyed in the 6th century and in its place was built a little smaller basilica that was burned in the 11th century. Finally another very small church was built over the last one in the 12th century that was the first Cathedral of Athens.

General view of the Library of Hadrian with the church of Megali Panagia (Great Mary).

View from the Southwest. The north wall of the Library was used as a part of the Postherulian Wall and is still preserved in a very good state.

The Great Panagia from the western court.

The church from Northwest.

The court of the church. View from the South.


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